It was a group civic-minded men.
They lived in the 1870s and most or all were likely Irish Catholic. They were either immigrants or sons of immigrants.
They likely worked in the mines or performed manual labor.
They joined together and called themselves Hibernian Hook & Ladder Co. of Tamaqua. And they blazed a trail.
But they also left a trail of questions.
Three early units
To understand Hibernian H&L, one must first look at the earliest days of firefighting in Tamaqua.