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Disputed Keystone Pipeline project focus of court hearing

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    FILE - This March 24, 2017, file photo shows President Donald Trump, flanked by Commerce Secretary Wilbur Ross, left, and Energy Secretary Rick Perry, announcing the approval of a permit to build the Keystone XL pipeline, clearing the way for the $8 billion project in the Oval Office of the White House in Washington. Attorneys for the Trump administration are due in a Montana courtroom Thursday, May 24, 2018, to defend the approval of TransCanada’s disputed Keystone XL oil sands pipeline project. (AP Photo/Evan Vucci, file)

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    FILE - In this Aug. 6, 2017, file photo, demonstrators against the Keystone XL listen to speakers in Lincoln, Neb. Attorneys for the Trump administration are due in a Montana courtroom Thursday, May 24, 2018, to defend the approval of TransCanada’s disputed Keystone XL oil sands pipeline project. (AP Photo/Nati Harnik, File)

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    FILE - This Nov. 3, 2015 file photo shows the Keystone Steele City pumping station, into which the planned Keystone XL pipeline is to connect to, in Steele City, Neb. Attorneys for the Trump administration are due in a Montana courtroom Thursday, May 24, 2018, to defend the approval of TransCanada’s disputed Keystone XL oil sands pipeline project. (AP Photo/Nati Harnik, File)

Published May 24. 2018 08:02AM

BILLINGS, Montana (AP) — Attorneys for the Trump administration were due in a Montana courtroom Thursday to defend the disputed Keystone XL oil sands pipeline against environmental groups that want to derail the project.

The 1,179-mile (1,800-kilometer) line proposed by TransCanada Corporation was rejected in 2015 by former President Barack Obama because of its potential to exacerbate climate change.

President Donald Trump revived the project soon after taking office last year, citing its potential to create jobs and advance energy independence.

Environmentalists and Native Americans who sued to stop the line have asked U.S. District Judge Brian Morris to overturn its approval by the State Department. They and others, including landowners, are worried about spills that could foul groundwater and the line’s impacts to their property rights.

But U.S. government attorneys assert that Trump’s change in course from Obama’s focus on climate change reflects a legitimate shift in policy, not an arbitrary rejection of previous studies of the project.

“While the importance of climate change was considered, the interests of energy security and economic development outweighed those concerns,” the attorneys recently wrote.

Morris previously rejected a bid by the administration to dismiss the suit on the grounds that Trump had constitutional authority over the pipeline as a matter of national security.

Keystone XL would cost an estimated $8 billion. It would begin in Alberta and transport up to 830,000 barrels a day of crude through Montana and South Dakota to Nebraska, where it would connect with lines to carry oil to Gulf Coast refineries.

Federal approval is required because the route crosses an international border.

TransCanada, based in Calgary, said in court submissions that the line would operate safely and help reduce U.S. reliance on crude from the Middle East and other regions.

The project is facing a separate legal challenge in Nebraska, where landowners have filed a lawsuit challenging the Nebraska Public Service Commission’s decision to approve a route through the state.

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