Here are examples of PA Common Core goals for students in kindergarten, and third, eighth and 12th grades, according to the Pennsylvania Department of Education. For more examples, visit http://www.pdesas.org/Standard/CommonCore.
Kindergarten: Use objects to solve addition and subtraction problems.
Third grade: Add two- and three-digit whole numbers (limit sums from 100 through 1,000) and/or subtract two- and three-digit numbers from three-digit whole numbers.
Eighth grade: Apply concepts of rational and irrational numbers.
High school: Apply concepts of complex numbers in polynomial identities and quadratic equations to solve problems.
Kindergarten: Count, pronounce, blend, and segment syllables in spoken words.
Third grade: Answer questions to demonstrate understanding of a text, referring explicitly to the text as the basis for the answers.
Eighth grade: Analyze how a text makes connections among and distinctions between individuals, ideas, or events (through comparisons, analogies, categories).
High school: Analyze and evaluate the effectiveness of the structure an author uses in his or her exposition or argument, including whether the structure makes points clear, convincing, and engaging.