Crocheting and knitting are processes of creating fabric from yarn, thread, or other material strands.

Crocheting uses a crochet hook. The word is derived from the French word "crochet", meaning hook. Crochet differs from knitting in that only one stitch is active at one time, stitches made with the same diameter of yarn are comparably taller, and a single crochet hook is used instead of two knitting needles. It may have evolved in Arabia, South America or China but it became popular in Europe in the 19th century.

Knitting, the word derived from the Dutch word to mean "knot." It is done with the use of knitting needles. It may have originated in Egypt, sometime around the end of the first millennium AD. It was originally a male-only occupation. The first knitting trade guild was started in Paris in 1527. With the invention of the knitting machine, however, knitting "by hand" became a useful but non-essential craft. Similar to quilting, spinning, and needlepoint, knitting became a leisure activity.

Crocheting and knitting have seen a revival in recent years. What were once considered hobbies one does alone, they are often now done in groups as a social activity and clubs, like the Crochet and Loom Knitting Club at Pleasant Valley Middle School.